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(See section #Instruments) On May 1, 2018, the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, Orville Gibson began to sell his instruments in 1894 out of a one-room workshop in Kalamazoo, Michigan. Between 1942-1945, Gibson employed women to manufacture guitars."Women produced nearly 25,000 guitars during World War II yet Gibson denied ever building instruments over this period," according to a 2013 history of the company.Between 19, production of Gibson guitars was shifted from Kalamazoo to Nashville, Tennessee. New production plants were opened in Memphis, Tennessee, as well as Bozeman, Montana.The Kalamazoo plant kept going for a few years as a custom-instrument shop, but was closed in 1984; several Gibson employees led by plant manager Jim Duerloo established Heritage Guitars in the old factory, building versions of classic Gibson designs. The Memphis facility is used for semi-hollow and custom shop instruments, while the Bozeman facility is dedicated to acoustic instruments. (formerly Gibson Guitar Corp.) is an American manufacturer of guitars, other musical instruments, and consumer and professional electronics now based in Nashville, Tennessee. Gibson invented archtop guitars by constructing the same type of carved, arched tops used on violins.
In the 1950s, Gibson also produced the Tune-o-matic bridge system and its version of the humbucking pickup, the PAF ("Patent Applied For"), first released in 1957 and still sought after for its sound.Gibson then formed a new division, Gibson Pro Audio, which will deliver professional grade audio items, including headphones, loudspeakers and DJ equipment.In 2013, Gibson acquired a majority stake in TEAC Corporation.On December 22, 1969, the Gibson parent company Chicago Musical Instruments was taken over by the South American brewing conglomerate ECL.Gibson remained under the control of CMI until 1974 when it became a subsidiary of Norlin Musical Instruments.